1. Telangiectasias (spider “star”) and reticular varices. This change (expansion) intradermal veins very small diameter. Telangiectasias – tiny blood vessels diameter of 1.5-2 mm. There are major places where these “stars” – the outer surface of the femur and tibia, foot, knee joint area (inner surface). This does not mean that the skin elsewhere might not be blocked. Reticular veins (reticular varices) slightly larger in diameter telangioktazov (approximately 1.5-2mm) and are located deeper. These veins (telangiectasias and reticular veins) to anything bad does not lead is almost half of the women (in varying degrees). To the great happiness of patients and physicians Phlebology – it’s only a problem for cosmetics and can cause only aesthetic experiences.
2. Varicose veins. Common disease, recently appearing more and more often at an early age and occurs according to various sources in 30-40% of the population. According to statistics – varicose disease is more common in women (pregnancy, childbirth). This disease is characterized by the appearance on the legs, “cones”, “units”, “protrusions” – that is an extension of the saphenous veins, which will eventually lead to a change in form of the disease to more severe – darkening of the skin shins, and even to trophic ulcers. It must be remembered – varicose veins (varices) – a progressive disease and unfortunately relapsed, ie something that may reappear in a few years even conducted an ideal treatment for an ideal doctor (which, unfortunately, does not happen). Confirms the presence of varicose veins doctor phlebologist at the reception solely on the basis of a consultative examination. Ultrasound diagnosis (duplex, triplex and so on.) For varicose disease helps the doctor only in certain further treatment strategy and the choice of method. Sdes already everything is important – and the location of the veins, their “card” in diameter, the presence of anastomoses with the deep (main) veins and more.
3. Deep vein thrombosis and consequences (post-thrombotic disease or PTB, PTS). Thrombosis – an acute (sudden) condition characterized by the formation of a thrombus (blood clot) in the lumen of the vein. There are clumps in the investigation of problems with the blood coagulation system or are provoked by external factors. The most serious complication of thrombosis – a blood clot migration section on vascular bed, which may cause pulmonary embolism (PE). At the slightest suspicion of thrombosis – urgently consult a phlebologist (vascular surgeon). There is this terrible disease suddenly and always accompanied by swelling, pain and stress all or part of the leg (tibia, femur, tibia and femur). Mandatory method of diagnosis in this case is the ultrasound examination. A very important point is the period of treatment to the doctor-phlebologist. The earlier onset of the disease by the patient come sooner treatment is started – the more chances to recover, although the consequences of thrombosis may remain for a lifetime. After the formation of a clot (thrombus) in a vein begins the process of post-thrombotic (blood clot after t.e.protsess). Post-thrombotic disease, as I say – “this is a serious problem from a serious problem” and it requires constant supervision by a doctor – phlebologist.
The later STARTED treatment of thrombosis, the more complex forms of post-thrombotic disease WAITING patients and the worse the consequences.
4. Lymphedema – a chronic disease that occurs as a result of disruption of lymphatic capillaries. This very small capillaries, which have the ability to shrink 4-6 times per minute, which ensures the transport of liquid formed in the tissues. Many factors affect this process (trauma, hormonal drugs, hypertension, etc.), And the disruption of capillaries leads to the development of edema. -flebolog Doctor will determine the nature of edema and choose conservative treatment (manual lymphatic drainage massage or hardware, medical compression hosiery, drugs affecting positive work lymph capillaries). Unfortunately, completely restore the capillaries difficult – but possible. Treatment should combine the active phase and the maintenance phase. Main strictly follow the recommendations of your doctor.